Illustrated books

Exley Head, The Shape of an Ancient Yorkshire Village


  Keighley W. Yorkshire BD22 6 and BD21 1
Latitude & Longitude
53.85° N 01.94° W
Decimal Lat & Long
53.85860, -1.931250
National Grid coordinates
404800 440200
Ordnance Survey grid
SE 046402
Other Maps

Thomas Jefferey's map of 1771

An 1822 description: "Exley Head, 3 or 4 farm-houses
in the township and parish of Keighley,
liberty of Staincliffe; 1 mile S. of Keighley."

Technically Exley Head back then was a hamlet not a village for it didn't have its own church.


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Everyone agrees that Ley or Lea is Old English léah, meaning a tract of open grass land. And that Head is Old English héafod meaning upper end. But the root of the word Ex has been long disputed. Suggestions included an field belonging to an Ecclesiastic or to a viking named Ecca. However it is hereby proved to be Old English oxa, meaning cattle domesticated for draught, milk or meat.


Why was it named Exley Head? Clues were found in a map in the Earl of Devonshire's Book of Possessions at Chatsworth House. There is a photographic copy of it in Bradford Central Library: National Archives Ref 64D75 "Keighley map by William Senior 1612" (9)

Why was it named Exley Head? Read the answers in our forthcoming eBooks: "A Village Through Time: Exley Head"
Each volume will reveal the meanings of place-names, unfold ancient history, geology and ecology.
Each volume will feature a particular area and its residents back then. Each volume will unfold a local trade: dairy farming, tanning, textiles.


1852-53 Ordnance Survey Map from with permission of


Altitude 221m. Lat Long +53° 51' 29.52", -1° 56' 7.80"
Decimal 53.8582,-1.9355

Reader's Comments

I lived at 163 Wheathead Lane, corner of Branshaw Grove. Our garden was constantly wet hence we paved it to stop the saturation. Jan

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Exley Head's sparkling head spring, at 221 meters, is now sadly paved over. Its location is near the bus stop on Wheat Head Lane near Wheat Head Crescent. Perhaps it's under this manhole cover?

Before humans made Wethead Lane into a proper road it seems likely this beck went straight downhill towards North Beck below Fell Lane, but the road makers dug a ditch on the hill side to stop the road being washed away in the wet season.


The farm up top is where Wheat Head Lane gets its name. Yet in the past the road from High Fold to Hoyle Fold was called Hoyle Lane. Only the part from Hole Fold to Wet Head farm was called Wheat Head Lane. However from about 1890 the Post Office decided to extend that name to cover both parts of the road right down to Oakworth Road.

In 1884 the farmer was William Lund; the land owner Mrs Mary Clapham.

In 1889 the Keighley Guardians of the Poor Law Union reported that 634 paupers were being relieved costing over £56 a month. They decided to buy Wethead Farm's for £1,900 to be worked by the paupers. These had lived since 1858 in what was later called Hillworth Lodge, the old people's home down towards Keighley. Back in the 1950s the older residents of Exley Head still refered to Wheathead Farm as "The Workhouse Farm".

The milk from this farm also supplied St John's hospital.

In 1911 the Workhouse Farm manager Thomas Rhodes lived at Wet Head Farm with his family and his daughter's family. His assitant Thomas Johnson with his 5 children lived at Wet Head Cottage on the left.



Reader's Comments

The part on the right was addressed as Wheathead Farm. In the 1950s the Farm House had an indoor flush lavatory, and a bath with hot and cold running water. Luxury indeed! The Cottage on the left had a lavatory in an outbuilding, and bath-time was once a week in a galvanized tub filled by bucket. - David J.

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Up top of Wheathaed Lane looking back towards the village in 1964

Tithe map of 1844 shows Wet Head farm as farmer William Lund. Land owner Mrs Mary Clapham. 14 acres included fields number 1286 through to 1294.

Wheathead Farm. Photo taken 1964 by Jan at KHS.
Down the slope to the right behind the farmhouses was the Laithe where feed-hay was stored in the loft space above the 'shippens' or 'mistals' where the cows spent the cold months.
The distant buildings on the left are temporary structures—site huts—connected with the development of the land for building. Drains would be put in first.

Reader's Comments

I think that Wheathead Farm was one of the last farms in the area, and possibly the country, to operate almost entirely on horse power, as in powered by a horse. This included transportation. - David J.

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The author with his big brother in the back garden of 130 Wheathead Lane. Apart from Springwell Cottages our neighbours on three sides were cows.

Reader's Comments

Every day a farmlad and his dog drove the cows down the lane from higher pasture to Hoyle Fold for milking. But one day about 1950 an adventurous heifer led her chums into our back alley, Holden St, that lies behind these houses. There they scampered into our back garden. The lad shouting and the dog barking caused a stampede. That was the most exciting thing that hapened there until Coronation day. - David K

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Above Hoyle Fold was only fields until someone built numbers 110 to 130 Wheathead Lane. It was soon afer 1909.

As late as 1881 maps show the stretch from High Fold up to Hole Fold was called Hole Lane. Only the stretch from Hole Fold up to Wethead Farm was called Weethead Lane. These were originally farm road belonging to the farmers who made them. Also, by custom, all roads are named by where they are going to.

Reader's Comments

The next most exciting thing that happened hereabouts was when a lass wearing slacks moved in over t' road. Our mums huddled round saying
"Nay I've never seen such a thing: a woman wearing trousers!"
"Whateer's next? What's the explanation of such a thing?"
"I've just found out, they's from Lancashire!"
"Oh! well that explains it!"
- David K


Me father used take me up to t’ watersheds, you know where the road changes, and say “Now remember lad: them as lives over there’s different from us”- Fred K

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+53° 51' 31.68", -1° 55' 51.60" Decimal 53.85903,-1.93129. Altitude 193m.

Hole Fold housing is numbered from right to left. On your right two workers cottages; then a tall block made up of a narrow house and a wide house where the farmer lived; lastly a tiny cottage at the back where many of my relatives were born.

Originally these houses had no numbers, they were just adressed as Hoyle Fold, the postman just had to remember who's who. House numbering began in accordance with the Postage Act of 1765. In 1881 Hole Fold was recorded as numbered: 94, 96, 98, 100, 104. However in 1891 the Post Office changed their numbers to 74, 76 78, 80, 82. That stuck except 82 (the tiny cottage out back) is now called 84; can any reader explain why?

About 1850 Farmer Smith was more interested in textile production than farming and let the farm workers cottages out to textile workers.

Reader's Comments

In the 1950s Irene Spencer lived in one of the cottages with her son Raymond and a daughter (Christine?) (Husband Walter?). A Mrs Whiteoak lived in the house at the far end I think. The farm itself was operated by the Chapman family: Kathleen and Nancy were the daughters.~ David J



The pastures behing the farm would have been too dry for cattle had there not been another water supply. I propose the name of the farm Hole refers to this vital Watering Hole. It was behind the farm houses on the left. It was not a sparkling spring but a large muddy area where all the cattle came up to drink. Isn't it odd that a spring is there out of line with the other springs? But the 1853 cartographer clearly distinguished between Spring and Issue.

Ariel Hoyle Fold
Aeriel Photo ca 1913. Back row: Hoyle Fold houses; the barn and Prospect House. Middle row 72 to 64 Wheathead Lane. Front row 59, 57 and 55.

This ariel photo shows Hoyle Fold back in about 1913. Behind the Barn is Prospect House. In the 1960s Hoyle Fold's fields were sold for housing. The barn was then used to store television sets until a big fire destroyed it and all remains taken down. The terrrace of five in front of the barn, 82 to 92 then 64 to 72, is now demolished and replaced. The cottages on the near side of Wheathead Lane are still with us, on the left is The First House in Exley head.

Reader's Comments

The gas lamps were installed in Wheathead lane up as far as the top of the row of terrace houses that begins where Hoyle Fold meets Wheathead lane. Originally lit at dusk by a man who rested a ladder on one of the horizontal bars visible in the picture, I think they were extinguished at the appropriate time by a clockwork mechanism ~ David J



Read the answers in our forthcoming eBooks: "A Village Through Time: Exley Head".
Each volume will feature a particular street and its residents up till 1952. Each volume will unfold a local trade: dairy farming, tanning, textile. Each will reveal the meanings of place-names, unfold ancient history, geology and ecology.


"If ivver yah go t'craw road ta Howorth fra Keethla, an sud happen ta drop inta Exleaheead, a village famus fer pig breedin, pig feeders.....

In Exley Head lived Joseph and Jane Tuley and their daughter Mary Ann. Joseph earned 18 shillings a week weaving worsted but supplemented his wage by raising pigs. At the 1847 York show he won first prize of £6 for best large sow. And in 1851 his prizewinning cross-bred "Matchless" was recognized as a new breed: the Middle White. Thereby Tuley became so famousthat the Duke of Devonshire let him have 25 acres to farm



The Middle White’s short nose makes it a grazer not a rooter and is able to live mostly on grass alone. Hardy and early maturing makes it an ideal outdoor pig requiring no housing. It has a placid and easy-to-handle docile nature.



In the 1740s many villagers adopted the method of John Wesley and met at one of the cottages in Hole Fold.

Read the full story of our chapel in our forthcoming eBooks: "A Village Through Time: Exley Head".
Each volume will feature a particular street and its residents up till 1952. Each volume will unfold a local trade: dairy farming, tanning, textile. Each will reveal the meanings of place-names, unfold ancient history, geology and ecology.


The Exley Head roll of honour of the forty-four men who served in WWI is now kept at Cliffe Castle museum.

Outside the Methodist Chapel the polished granite cross memorialises our lads killed in the wars:

• Gnr. J. Raymond Clapham, R.G.A. killed in action at Messines, Jul 21st 1917, age 19.
• Pte. Harold Whitefield, Duke of Wellingtons W.R.R., died of wounds received in acton in Flanders, March 17th 1918, age 22 years.

• Pte. J. Fairfax Dean, Y & L Reg, drowned off Tobruk, 1941, age 26.
• Cpl. Pearson Crossley, R.A.S.C. died in Japan* 1943, age 26.
• P.O. Douglas D. Smith, F.A.A. killed, Northern Ireland, 1945, age 21.


*Pearson Crossley was the son of John William and Mabel Crossley of High Fold Farm where he had been in business with his father. Pearson actually died in Thailand as a Japanese Prisoner of War from forced labor on that notorious Burma-Siam Railway recorded in the film "Bridge on the River Kwai".

Primitive methodism was a branch of Wesleyan Methodism. Primitive Methodists concentrated their mission on the rural poor and promoted education and equal rights for women. In 1883 Exley Head Primitive Methodist Chapel had zero female trustees yet by 1926 it boasted eight, almost one third of the board.


Keighley town centre lies 72 meters below us, about 1.5 km down that steep hill. The road up from Keighley is now named Oakworth Road but the map of 1852 shows it was called Exley Head Lane up to Exley Head; and beyond it up to Oakworth it was then called Exley Head Road.

In 1755 an act of parliament, 28 Geo2 c50, permitted a Trust to make a turnpike from Bradford to Colne called the "Toller Lane, Haworth to Blue Bell" turnpike. From near Haworth the "Two Laws to Keighley" branch came through Exley Head. The nation's turnpikes closed during 1870s and were handed over to county councils created about 1888.

About 1852 at the meeting of Wheathead Lane and Oakworth Road were built these four houses for James Lund. In 1888 he sold a farm that included these cottages to the mill-owner Haggas for £5,600. The outside toilets were down the stone steps on the left.


In 1925 the Haggas Estates sold the back-to-backs on the right, 32 Exley Head and 1 Wheathead Lane, to the tenants for £250 job lot. From 1929 to 1944 Annie Bancroft was landlord and the rent of each was 6 shillings a week. The only water tap was cold and in the cellar, whose window that you can just see peeping out. Its sink was wide and shallow and cut out of a single slab of stone. They did the laundry in the cellar in a dolly tub and afterwards simply tipped the tub out onto the stone floor and mopped it around as it gurgled down a hole, thereby washing the floor too!

Reader's Comments

I still have one of those stone sinks in my cellar, about 6 or 7" thick with a 2.5 to 3" deep recess and a drain hole covered by a brass disc with holes in it. The disc would be removed and rags stuffed down the hole so I could sail my boats ~ John W.

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At one time ten people lived in 1 Wheathead Lane, where the attic bedroom went over top of 32 Oakworth Road. All the young men slept in that attic so when they got up and put their work-boots on the noise was right over the heads of those sleeping next door. They needed no alarm clock.


Reader's Comments

The house at No. 1 Wheathead Lane had just one quite large room which served as living room, sitting room, dining room and kitchen. There was a large range with an oven to one side of the open fire and hobs on either side of it. There was always a kettle ready on the boil on one of them. There was also a gas ring at the side for when the fire was out in the summer. The only water tap was at the top of the cellar steps; cold water of course. There was a large square table in the middle, a piano at one side and a large chest of drawers on the other.
Audrey B.

In 1925 Old Tommy Hudson bought the two on the left, 36 and 34, and rented them out. Dowstairs was a separate house: number 3 or 5 Wheat Head Lane. During WWII it was used as the ARP Air Raid Wardens' office, and after the war it became a Painter & Decoraters workshop. Today the downstairs has been joined up to the top to make proper two-storey houses.

Happily the outside toilets are gone but sadly the stream, whose bed was about four or five feet lower, has been filled in.



In 1766 the owner of the farmland immediately below Oakworth Road was Nathan Clapham for he advertised it for sale. The tythes were four shillings a year suggesting its extent was 80 acres. But he was renting it out for 75 pounds a year to William Wade and William Clapham the younger.

In spring 1768 he was still trying to sell it. Ads in the The Leeds Intelligencer add that it now included tanyards and he also now sugested the land could be divided into several smaller farms.

We haven’t found yet if someone bought it but in 1814 the Tannery was run by one of the Pickards brothers from High Fold.

We do know that the Haggases finally bought the land because the tithes of 1844 list the owners and the farmers as themselves. Herbert Haggis was a keen breeder of cattle.

When Haggas bought the land he had The Tanyards made into a poultry farm. It was about 1/3 acre of hens, ducks, geese and guinea fowl. Eggs were to be delivered to Oakbank Hall kitchen door every morning, plus dressed poultry when required.


The older maps shows a gate opening straight down to the Tanyards as if Wheathead Lane carried straight over making a crossroads. But about 1895 a new road was made down from Low Fold Farm. The top of the earlier track was made into the little level area near the village cross.

Reader's Comments

This group of buildings only became a tannery in the 18th century and ceased being such in the late C19th. Yet in 1920-30 much of the machinery was still there - the oak bark chamber with the grinding mill was at one end - and it still stank. Its two cylindrical stones were driven around their pan from the floor below by a donkey. But the tannery floors rotted and the mill is all gone now except for the stone slip tubs - now flower beds. A copice named Oak Square, up the hill a bit, supplied the tannin bark.
Fred K.

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The Haggas's poultry farm, at number 19 Exey Head,
was run by Jim Smith from about 1900 until he died in 1929,
and thereafter by John Kidd.


After WWII the Haggas family sold the land to Keighley Borough Council for 18,000 pounds with a gentlemans agreement that it remain a green belt.


"Occupation Lanes" nationwide were built to give farmers access to every field after the Enclosure Act divide the common land by walls.


In 1672 The Duke of Devonshires map shows a house called Claphams incrochmt on the corner of Oakworth Rd and Occupation Lane, though I see nothing there on later maps until the house there today. Also there was no straight road to Bogthorn, they had to go down Ingrow Lane and back up again


In 1716 Mr. Jonas Tonson, a " fanatical Presbyterian" who lived in Exleyhead, left £100 "to be settled on a good and sure Freehold Estate of inheritance, for and towards a free school. He also endowed the rents from a house and 1 acre of land at Exley Head to pay for "an usher to teach and instruct such children as he can to learn ... in the English and Latin tongues". The Free School, or as it is sometimes called the Usher School, was built in 1716 at Oak Square. But sometime during the next 20 years The Usher School moved premises down to Keighley to become the preparatory school for Drake and Green's Free Grammar School on Cooke Lane. Yet the Usher was still paid by the Exley Head rents.

Exley Head was at that time in the Parish of Keighley and on 30th June 1739, at a vestry meeting, it was agreed to take the old school-house at Exleyhead for the use of the poor, at the yearly rent of forty shillings, which resolution was sanctioned by the parishioners. "Keighley Past and Present" 1858



Keighley Poor Law Union rented the buildings in Exley Head for use as the Keighley Workhouse from 1739 until 1858 when, triggered by the master of the workhouse being accused of murdering his wife with arsenic, the Commissioners built fine new premises down Oakworth Road below Fell Lane.(3)

After 1858 the buildings at Exleyhead became called Oak Square.

Although the Haggases bought that land in 1872-88 the buildings were still there in 1909 but were uninhabited and in ruin. They were demolished by 1910.

Oak Square in 1908 before demolition



Read more about Exleyhead in our forthcoming eBooks: "A Village Through Time: Exley Head".
Each volume will feature a particular street and its residents up till 1952. Each volume will unfold a local trade: dairy farming, tanning, textile. Each will reveal the meanings of place-names, unfold ancient history, geology and ecology.

Knurr and Spell is a game originating in West Yorkshire. The object is to hit the walnut-sized Knurr as far as you can. The Spell is made of ash with a pommel of hardwood. In other places the clay ball is shot into the air by a spring, but hereabouts the knurr is balanced in a loop hanging from a post. A successful strike will drive the ball over 200 yards. At the end of the game all strikes are measured and the longest wins. In its heyday very heavy betting took place.

Click here for a video of this game being played just over the moor in Cowling (5km WNW).


In 1911 at number 60 Wheathead Lane there was a shop in the house on the corner run by a Lofthouse. Later a Mr and Mrs Willie Redmans ran a small shop at 38. Both gone before living memory.

But the only old shop known in th 1950s was at 20 Exley Head, on Oakworth Road. Before 1880 it was Joseph Laycock's, but since then it was a butcher and grocers owned by Joseph Pickard, one of the Pickards of High Fold farm.

In early 1900s Alice Kidd married Frank Shuttleworth and took over running the shop and moved into the adjascent 22 Exley Head. Like many very old houses it had no upstairs landing, only three bedrooms in a row; you had to go through one bedrooms to get to another. Frank was a motor mechanic in a Keighley factory whilst Alice and the little lads ran the shop. But before long Frank got a job as a chauffeur for a Wool Magnate out Bradford way and the job came with a tied cottage, so they moved on. The lads grew up there to became butchers in Bradford.

Arthur Lister took over the shop but he didn't live there. In the thirties Miss Midgley lived in the house part. It was very dark in Lister's shop

In stark contrast there appeared a new-fangled shop just as you start to descend into Keighley in a building inscribed "Sunny Hill 1928" was a shop called Fairleys. It was brightly-lit and staffed by cheerful young ladies in modern uniforms. To me it seemed like entering into another world from old Exley Head.



The shop seen here on the right was numbered 20 Exley Head

The shop has been closed for quite a while now and the house and shop knocked into one.


Map of 1844 showing the fields farmed by High Fold Farm in yellow.

17th century High Fold was farmed by the Widdops family
18th century by the Beanlands family
19th century by the Pickard family
20th century by the Crossley family

Reader's Comments

High Fold farm in the1920s still had a butcher's slaughterhouse. When the local lads had nowt to do of a week-end they'd go up there and beg a pig's bladder. This, tied-off and blown up, made a right good football.
Fred Kidd

On Coronation Day 1953 Mr. Crossley let the village hold its party in one of his meadows (number 1235) next to his farmhouse, the hay having been cut prior to the event. I recall three-legged races; sack races; and all our mums running in an egg-and-spoon race.


High Fold had always farmed lands extending down towards Fell Lane. In the photo below you can see how the growth of Keighley made it more profitable for the Earl to to sell land down there for housing about 1920.


Haymaking in one of Crossley's fields in 1936. The houses are on the land sold for housing in 1920.

High fold farm house today. The ground floorbuilt 1663 but upstairs was added 18th century


Below High Fold, the area of the northeast corner of the village stands Low Fold farm, its altitude only 180m.

In the 1844 tithes John Haw of Low Fold was farming 12 acres owned by John Greenwood including field numbers 1303 Crown Point, 1142, 1198, 1200 and 1201. Crown Point is up occupation Lane. 1142 and 1148 are down by Ingrow Fold. 1200 and 1201 are a bit East of Low Fold farm.

However we think John Haw farmed more fields thereabouts owned by somebody else. Could one of our readers peruse the 1884 tithe list further?

Around 1950 the farmer of Low Fold was a Mr Philipson.


Sketch of the tithe map of 1844 showing the 64 acres farmed by John Leech, although he did not live in Exley Head.

In 1884 the landowner was Ms Sarah Jowwett. However before 1888 the three on the left seem to have changed ownership because they were bought by the mill-owner Haggas from a James Lund. Had perhaps Ms Jowwett married James Lund? Could he be the origin of Lund Park down Fell Lane way?


Adjoining Low Fold is Exley's manor house, Exley Hall, built about 1411. In 1572 the feudal territory was sold for £240, of which the hall was a tiny part. It was Thomas Clapham who divided up the hall, farm and land.(10) The hall was re built in 1662. The Hall is now a grade II listed building. In 2009 the resale price of the Hall reached £275,000.(3)


Exley Head has been called the Lost Lordhip. Why is it such a very complex matter?

Read the answers in our forthcoming eBooks: "A Village Through Time: Exley Head".
Each volume will feature a particular street and its residents up till 1952. Each volume will unfold a local trade: dairy farming, tanning, textile. Each will reveal the meanings of place-names, unfold ancient history, geology and ecology.


Found in historic reords: In 1786 the a man called Hodgson leased some land to Jeremiah Booth, an inn keeper of Keighley. The lands were described thus: "several closes of land called Dick Croft, Great Knowle, Little Knowle, Well Knowle, the Knowling, Muck Spott, Margery Lands, Upper Delf Close and Lower Delf Close, in Keighley, all adjoining the road leading from Keighley to Exley Head" (5)


Do any of these names ring a bell with our readers?

"Delf " I found means a quarry, a pit dug or a ditch, but beyond that no idea.


In 1560 English ‘Wich’ meant "nearness in place"And the meaning "surrounding district" is first attested 1796. Vicinity (e.g. Greenwich) c.f. Du. wijk "quarter, district." fr L. vicinitas fr vicinus "neighbour , neighboring."

The Latin vicinus "neighbour ” brings us to an important point for me: apart from vicinus  the Romans changed people into objects! (PIE *weik- "clan" was changed by Romans into villa house). All other Latin words re vicus are about buildings which underlines the Roman antisocial materialistic attitude of conqerors.

But I am glad to find Wikipedia today defines village as “a clustered human settlement or community in a rural area” and doesn’t mention buildings at all. To me, each village was originally the settlement of a family, and the territory and the clan were synonymous. In old Scotland a visitor couldn’t settle anywhere in clan-areas without being adopted by the local clan and changing your name


Our community gathered together without exception, especially at harvest festival. And we partied together -- you should have seen us on Coronation Day! I am sure in small communities extended family can be literal. I recall the old ladies of Exley Head were especially adept at recognizing father's "looks" in babies. And they also knew exactly who'd been where and when. In villages there aren't any secrets. It's not so much that a village is like a big family, it is a big family, a clan.

A friend visited her great-uncle, a pioneer geneaologist, and asked “Who are we related to around there?” He leant close and replied in a confidential manner, "We're related to everybody around here!"

Reader's Comments

Such a great history of the Exley Head area of Keighley. You have pulled together some outstanding history of that area of the world. Thank you. Edd Utley


1. MORE OLD LOCAL PHOTOS historical nostaligic pictures

2. MODERN PHOTOS (enter SE 046402)


Keighley And District Local History Society Forum : The War Memorial : All about the workhouse at Exley Head

"Exley Hall on the market for 275,000, 25 March 2009 Telegraph and Argus, Property News


Keighley & District Local History Society Journal Feb 2010 p26 Haworth Woolcombers by Rev Lewis Burton : Oxenhope History Vale 'n Dale Keighley Past and Present by Holmes 1858

5. REGIONAL HISTORY West Riding Yorkshire.pdf The King's list of households in the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1672. Connected Histories: British History 1500-1900 West Yorkshire Archive Service White Pig laundry tub and posser drystone walls



6. LORDS OF KEIGHLEY "Chronicles and Stories of Old Bingley" 1898 by Harry Speight; page 807 "A Forgotten Manor - that of Exley" The Antiquary, 1907, Volume 43, page 155

wikipedia "The Pilgrimage of Grace" was a popular uprising in York during 1536 in protest against Henry VIII's break with the Roman Catholic Church and the Dissolution of the Monasteries

wikipedia "The Rising of the North" of 1569, also called the Revolt of the Northern Earls was an attempt by the Catholic nobles of the North of England to depose Queen Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots


Down Memory Lane by Ian Dewhirst. 1983, Keighley News

The Oakbank History Trail by M. G. Smith. 1982, Countryside Publications Ltd. ISBN 861570480 and 0 861570537

William Keighley and Robert Holmes,1858


1945 map OpenStreetMap (OSM) GeoHack: links all mapping systems and satellite images Enter coordinates 404800 440200 Landmark Info Grp British History


9. MAPS ON PAPER Ordnance Survey British Geological Society 1:50000

Bradford Central Library, Prince's Way, Bradford, BD1 1NN. National Archives Ref 64D75: Keighley map by William Senior 1612

Chatsworth House art, library and archives collections


Much thanks and gratitude to my consultants:

John Waddington
Phillip Thornton
David Jessop
Jan Shuttleworth
Judith Hancocks
Fred Kidd


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